Good jam last night!
The song of the week is Nine Pound Hammer in the key of A.
The chord progression for the verses (the second half of which can be thought of as a chorus) and for the breaks for 'Nine Pound Hammer' is:
Notice that this progression is simply the second half - played through twice - of other more commonly occurring progressions. E.g., the progression for 'Bury Me Beneath The Willow', 'I Still Write Your Name In The Sand', 'Memory Of You', and 'Wreck Of The Old '97'. (Prog. V7 on the Basic Chord Progressions handout)
or, the progression for 'Mama Don't Allow', 'Will You Be Loving Another Man', 'She'll Be Coming Round The Mountain', and 'When The Saints Go Marching In;' (Prog. V2):
In the key of A: 1=A; 4=D; 5=E
The A chord consists of the notes: A, C#, and E; the D chord consists of: D, F#, and A; and the E chord consists of: E, G#, and B.
Banjo players and most guitar players will wish to capo to the 2nd fret to play in A; so the key that they will be thinking in will be G.
In the key of G: 1=G; 4=C; 5=D
The G chord consists of the notes: G, B, and D; the C chord: C, E, and G; the D chord: D, F#, and A
While the intro break for the song should follow the melody closely enough to make it clear what song is being played before the first verse is sung, Nine Pound Hammer lends itself quite well to lick-oriented improvised breaks that may deviate considerably from the melody. (See especially the first youtube link below for examples of this.) This is a good song to use as a means for practicing any licks that you may have in your repertoire that fit over a line of 1144 or a line of 1511 for the key that you are playing the song in.
Here are a couple of good youtube links of Nine Pound Hammer to listen to:
Tony Rice - key of A (unfortunately there is no banjo in this version)
Lonesome River Band - key of B
Guitar and banjo players who wish to play along with this second link can capo to the 4th fret and play as if playing in G. For fiddle, mandolin, and bass players who wish to give playing in B a try, the 1, 4, and 5 chords in the key of B are: 1=B, 4=E. 5=F#. The B chord consists of the notes: B,D#, and F#; the E chord: E, G#, and B; the F# chord: F#, A#, and C#.
Remember, on youtube you can adjust the tempo by clicking on settings, and then clicking on 'speed'.
In the melody sheets attached here, notice that the first three notes of the melody of 'Nine Pound Hammer' are quarter notes, and that they occur before the first complete measure of the tune. (In cut common time, i.e., 2/2 time, as well as in common time, i.e., 4/4 time, 3 quarter notes make up only three-quarters of a complete measure.) Make it a point to remember these notes, because they will be useful for starting your intro breaks for many other songs that, like 'Nine Pound Hammer', also have as their first melody note in their first complete measure the note that has the same name as both the key that the song is being played in, and the first chord played in the song.
In the key of A, these three quarter notes are: E, E, F#, and the first note of the first complete measure is an A note.
In the key of G, these three quarter notes are: D, D, E, and the first note of the first complete measure is a G note.
In the key of B, these three quarter notes are: F#, F#, G#, and the first note of the first complete measure is a B note. Etc.
The melody of 'Nine Pound Hammer' contains 3 more notes in it that are higher in pitch than the notes that it starts with. In the key of A, these notes are, in ascending order of pitch: B, C#, and the E above the C#.
So, in ascending order of pitch, the melody notes for Nine Pound Hammer in the key of A are: E, F#, A, B, C#, E. These are the same notes used to play 'My Home's Across The Blue Ridge Mountains' (two songs of the week ago) in the key of A.
But, so far at the new beginner jam, we have only played My Home's Across The Blue Ridge Mountains in the key of G, and for the key of G, the melody notes are (in ascending order of pitch): D, E, G, A, B, D. So, these are the set of notes that are also used to play Nine Pound Hammer in the key of G.
Notice also that there are only 5 letter names involved here for naming the notes that make up the melody in each key: for A, the letter names are: A, B, C#, E, and F#, the same letter names for all the notes in the melody of Shortnin' Bread in A, though the range of notes for Shortnin' Bread in A runs from A (lowest note) to the A an octave higher (highest note), whereas for Nine Pound Hammer and My Home's Across The Blue Ridge Mountains, the range of notes in A runs from E (lowest note) to the E and octave higher (highest note).
For G, the corresponding letter names are: G, A, B, D, and E, and the two ranges are: G to G for Shortnin' Bread in G, and D to D for Nine Pound Hammer and My Home's Across The Blue Ridge Mountains.
Having a basic understanding of the Number System (the subject of last night's teaching segment) for naming the notes that belong to the Major Scale (the series of notes that gives us that familiar 'do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do' sound) together with an understanding of the relation of the Major Scale to the Chromatic Scale (which, for our purposes here, may be conveniently thought of as the set of 12 notes needed in order to be able to play all the Major Scales), the subject of the teaching segment at the jam the week before, can make it much easier to memorize the relationships involved here and to see how the information presented here all neatly fits together.
G Major Scale: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, (G)
A Major Scale: A, B, C#,D, E, F#,G#, (A)
B Major Scale: B, C#,D#,E,F#,G#,A#, (B)
Number Names: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (1)
So, no matter what key one plays Nine Pound Hammer and My Home's Across The Blue Ridge Mountains (also, 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken' and 'Long Journey Home', both played at last night's jam) in: the melody notes are, from lowest to highest: 5, 6, 1, 2, 3, 5. For Shortnin' Bread (and also for 'Liza Jane' that was played at last night's jam), they are, from lowest to highest: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 1.
The three quarter notes that make up the pickup measure that precedes the first complete measure in Nine Pound Hammer are: 5, 5, 6, and this leads to the first note of the first complete measure, and the number name for that note is 1.